The History of Phuket
“Phuket” was the discovery of archaeological evidence at Baan Kamal, Amphur Kathu, and
Phuket. The excavated stone tools and stone axes indicate that people living in this region for more than 3,000 years ago. In the B.E. 700 or the 2nd century. From an evidence of the record of Claudius Ptolemy; a sea explorer mentioned that the land called “Tagola Cape” was pushed out to the south at the end of Phang-nga Province .Due to the movement of the large tectonic called “Klong Marui” that stretch out from Surat Thani and Phang-Nga Provinces to the east of Phuket. Later the cape was gradually eroded and cutting off these areas from the mainland into the channel between Phuket and Phang-nga Provinces. It is now called “Pak Phra Strait” (A narrow channel by the deepest depth is 8-9 meters).
Besides, “Tagola Cape” the land was called “Jungceylon” as evidence from Map of European
sailors during B.E. 2054-2397, and then it was called “Jungceylon” that appearing from the records and map of European who came to East Asia during 2054-2397 B.E. In addition, in the year B.E. 1568. Also the land was called “Maneekram” (the city of marbles) by The Tamil. Finally, an appearing in the Government Gazette since the year 2540 B.E., the land has been known until now as Phuket. Therefore, It can be concluded that Name of Phuket has a reputation in the past from the present are Tagola Cape, Maneekram, Jungceylon and finally, it is Phuket . Some said also called Thalang, Silan and Tungka.